The National Security Bureau Directive
In the early 1980's Lt Gen Wego Chiang, Secretary General of Taiwan's National Security Bureau in conjunction with Minister of the Interior, Wu Poh-hsiung, issued a national directive calling for the creation of National SWAT Command to combat heavily armed criminals and violent organized crime gangs.
ROC Marine Corp Chief of Staff Maj. General Lo Chang took the position of National Police Commissioner, formalizing three criteria to guide the selection of a new and classified special combat protocol.
The Three Criterion to Special Teams Inception
The Combat Protocol will be for the exclusive use by Special Tactics Teams. Its training and methodologies are classified and unavailable to the general public.
The Selection and Approvals of the Training Systems and the Instructors must be free of outside interference so there would be no Conflict of Interest, no Preferential Treatment nor condone Influence Peddling.
The Training Methodology must be non-contradictory to law enforcement purposes of interdiction. The training must tightly integrate close quarters extraction, combat marksmanship and assault team tactics. The combat system must pass real-time rigorous testing for effectiveness and accordingly comply with the highest international Codes and Standards for Law Enforcement.
1985 Nat'l Special Weapons & Tactics
1st Division Final Review
Police Commissioner Lo Chang and
Chief Instructor Chris Mar.Chief Instructor's Background in Chinese
After several months of evaluations involving the available systems and respective instructors, the National Police Administration Special Training Division made the choice to have APA Tactical as the official Specialized Response Mobile Police Network Tactical CQC system. APA’s simultaneous counter attack protocol was deemed suitable for terror interdiction, high-speed extraction, tactical riot, close escort, Executive security and advanced maneuver combat formations. Squad Commander Jerry Chen, who was instrumental in the preparation for selection was named Team Leader. Together Mar and Chen interviewed candidates from various police divisions selecting 15 officers with advanced level combat training and proven capability in fighting skills, to form the APA Instructors and Demonstration Team.
APA Tactical is a Simultaneous Combat Kinesiology methodology based on a Root Common Denominators foundation of combat posture, motion and dynamics. APA is an integration protocol for training and field use which stresses the acclimatization of intense thresholds and quantified attrition training. This translates as pushing the upper limit of proactive and reactive initiatives through aggressive role escalation and building sophisticated muscle memory through high volumes of fault elimination physical training. The most important principle of APA is that all close combat contact is through a total Combat Kinesiology of target penetration from impact without rearward loading up so that all limbs and weapons were forwardly compressed. There is no division on the attack and protect phase. Attack precedes the protection phase which is an elude/slip, articulation or transition. The essence of APA is to expect the unexpected, lawful interdiction and simultaneous attack and defense. Tactical Constraints are embedded assumptions that you will face multiple attackers and must be wary of your flank and each antagonist will be armed, so you do not drop your awareness flooding of the locality.
Ultimately Special Tactics methods serve as the backbone for Service-wide transformation
In the first year
The first group of 300 National Police Instructors underwent 10 weeks of special tactics training which included 120 hours of APA, 80 hours of Combat Marksmanship and 100 hours of Assault Team Dynamics, inclusive of specialized structure clearing, dynamic entry, stress marksmanship, tactical rappel, and advanced high speed vehicle control. Immediately thereafter, exemplary officers from various departments became the First Division of Special Tactics Teams and successfully completed 8 weeks of 12 hours per day, 6 days per week intensive training. This was 1985.
In 2006 APA trained SPG instructors taught the tactical riot and arrest and extraction systems to the largest special tactics police division globally. Whether it is called APA is not important. What is important is the program continues to be used to keep teams safe.